The current climate, in which Greyhound Racing Victoria has called for isolations, a rapid, accurate and effective CCoV test is an essential item for all veterinarians.
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Canine Coronavirus (CCoV)
FASTest® CCoV Strip is a rapid immunochromatographic test for the qualitative detection of Canine Coronavirus antigens in feces of the dog.
The Canine Coronavirus (CCoV) belongs to the most common causal agents of viral enteritides in dogs of all ages. Due to its high infectiveness, group husbandry encourages the onset of a CCoV infection with clinical symptoms. The antibody prevalence is indicated with up to 54% for pet dogs and 80% for kennel dogs.
Infection takes place orally via infected feces (elimination ca. 3-14 days post infection) or via direct contact with infected animals.
A pure CCoV infection is characterized by a mild, often self-limiting course with anorexia, apathy and more or less severe diarrhoea. Newborn puppies often show a severe course of the disease. Unspecific signs of enteritis like diarrhoea, respiratory or central nervous symptoms can occur.
Clinically, CCoV infection can hardly be differentiated from a mild CPV infection, but a CCoV infection never shows a leukopenia. The infection course can be transient (shedding ceases after several months, healthy dog) as well as persistent (life-long elimination in case of dogs with or without chronic diarrhoea).
Due to co-infections (25% of all cases of canine enteritis) of CCoV with Canine Parvovirus (CPV), fatal courses with a mortality of 80% occur. In these cases, the fast on-site identification of the pathogen is inevitable.
With the FASTest® CCoV Strip the veterinarian is able to detect or exclude a CCoV infection fast and specifically on-site. In case of co-infection with CPV, a prognosis for the further progress of disease should be made carefully.